Emerald vs Yellow Sapphire: A Comprehensive Comparison

Gemstones have captivated human beings for centuries with their vibrant colours, allure, and alleged metaphysical properties. Among the many gemstones available, emerald and yellow sapphire are two highly sought-after choices. In this article, we will delve into the characteristics, symbolism, and differences between emerald and yellow sapphire to help you make an informed choice.


Emerald, with its mesmerizing green hue, has been treasured since ancient times. It belongs to the beryl family of gemstones and is known for its striking colour and exceptional clarity. Here are some key features of emeralds:

  1. Colour: Emeralds are renowned for their vivid green colour, ranging from light to dark shades. The intensity of the green hue determines the value and desirability of the stone.
  2. Symbolism: Emeralds symbolize rebirth, love, and fertility. They are often associated with growth, wisdom, and harmony.
  3. Durability: Emeralds have a hardness of 7.5 to 8 on the Mohs scale, making them relatively durable. However, they are more prone to scratches and fractures compared to some other gemstones.
  4. Origins: High-quality emeralds are found in various regions, including Colombia, Zambia, Brazil, and Zimbabwe. Colombian emeralds are particularly renowned for their rich green colour.

Yellow Sapphire

Yellow sapphire, also known as Pukhraj, is a gemstone of the corundum family. It is revered for its radiant yellow colour and is believed to bring prosperity and wisdom. Let’s explore the distinguishing features of yellow sapphire:

  1. Colour: Yellow sapphires exhibit a range of yellow tones, from pale lemon to deep canary yellow. The intensity and uniformity of colour are crucial factors in determining their value.
  2. Symbolism: Yellow sapphires are associated with wealth, abundance, and knowledge. They are believed to bring good fortune and enhance one’s intellect and intuition.
  3. Durability: With a hardness of 9 on the Mohs scale, yellow sapphires are one of the hardest gemstones after diamonds. They are highly resistant to scratches and can withstand daily wear.
  4. Origins: Yellow sapphires are sourced from various countries, including Sri Lanka, Thailand, Australia, and Madagascar. Sri Lankan yellow sapphires are highly regarded for their intense colour and exceptional clarity.
FeatureEmeraldYellow Sapphire
ColorVivid greenRadiant yellow
SymbolismRebirth, love, fertilityWealth, abundance, knowledge
Hardness7.5 to 8 on the Mohs scale9 on the Mohs scale
DurabilityRelatively prone to scratchesHighly resistant to scratches
OriginsColombia, Zambia, Brazil,Sri Lanka, Thailand, Australia,


Both emerald and yellow sapphires possess unique characteristics, symbolism, and origins. Emeralds captivate with their rich green colour, symbolizing growth and love, while yellow sapphires radiate a vibrant yellow hue associated with wealth and wisdom. When choosing between the two, consider factors such as personal preference, durability, and the metaphysical properties you seek. Ultimately, whichever gemstone you select, will undoubtedly add a touch of elegance and splendour to your jewellery collection.

Jyotish Varsha Gupta
Varsha Gupta


Leave a Comment