Where Does Alexandrite Stone Come From

Alexandrite, the captivating gemstone renowned for its enchanting color-changing properties, is a rare and precious jewel that holds a special place in the world of gem enthusiasts. While it may seem like a gem from a fairy tale, it is very much real and found in various corners of the globe.

In this exploration, we will embark on a journey to discover the birthplaces of Alexandrite, the gem that mystifies with its ability to shift colors in different lighting conditions.

Sri Lanka: A Gemstone Paradise

Our first stop on this adventure takes us to the breathtaking island of Sri Lanka. Situated in the Ratnapura district, this beautiful nation is a prominent source of high-quality Alexandrite.

Sri Lankan Alexandrite is celebrated for its rich, vibrant colors and its vivid color-changing effect. When basking in daylight, it often gleams with an emerald green hue, only to transform into a radiant ruby red or purplish-red under the gentle caress of incandescent light.

The gemstones from this region have captivated collectors and gem aficionados for generations.

Brazil: Nature’s Alexandrite Canvas

Our journey continues to Brazil, a land of diverse landscapes and natural wonders. In the state of Minas Gerais, this South American gemstone paradise unfolds its treasures.

Brazilian Alexandrite, while often slightly more affordable than its Sri Lankan counterpart, remains a significant player in the global Alexandrite supply.

With exceptional quality and splendid color-changing properties, it offers a magnificent array of colors that can rival any gemstone worldwide.

India: The Home of the Cat’s Eye Alexandrite

From Brazil, we make our way to the enchanting nation of India. This vast land contributes to the global Alexandrite supply, offering a unique and highly prized variety known as cat’s-eye Alexandrite.

These exceptional gems possess a captivating chatoyancy effect, creating a luminous streak that gracefully glides across the stone as it is turned. This cat’s-eye effect adds an extra layer of mystique to an already mesmerizing gem.

Russia: The Birthplace of Alexandrite

Our journey then takes us to the historic and rugged landscapes of Russia.

It was in the Ural Mountains in the 1830s that Alexandrite was first discovered. This gem, named in honor of Czar Alexander II, holds a special place in Russian history.

However, the quality of Russian Alexandrite, while historically significant, is generally considered lower than that of other sources due to limited deposits.

Tanzania: A Promising Newcomer

In the heart of Africa, we find a newcomer to the Alexandrite scene. Tanzania, particularly in the Simiyu region, has shown great promise in recent years as a source of this remarkable gemstone.

Tanzanian Alexandrite is renowned for its vibrant green and red hues, adding a new dimension to the global supply of this precious jewel.

Zimbabwe: The Hidden Treasure

Zimbabwe, with its deposits in the Mutare district, also plays a role in the global Alexandrite supply. This African nation offers a gemstone with a strong color-changing effect, often of high quality, making it a sought-after choice for those who admire the beauty and intrigue of Alexandrite.

These regions, each with its own unique characteristics, contribute to the primary sources of Alexandrite.

The desirability and value of an Alexandrite gemstone can vary significantly depending on its origin, size, color, clarity, and cut. This diversity is what makes Alexandrite a highly sought-after gemstone, cherished by collectors and enthusiasts alike.


Alexandrite is a gem that brings a touch of magic to the world of gemstones. Its rarity, stunning color-changing properties, and various sources around the world make it a true wonder of nature.

Whether you’re a gem collector, a jewelry connoisseur, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of Earth’s treasures, Alexandrite’s allure is undeniable.

The next time you marvel at the captivating colors of this gem, you’ll have a deeper appreciation for the enchanting journey it has taken from the earth’s depths to your heart.

Also Read: What Does the Alexandrite Stone Represent

Jyotish Varsha Gupta
Varsha Gupta

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